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The Small Arms Firing Range training courses address strategies for removing the threat that metal contamination presents at closed small arms firing ranges and developing, using, and monitoring environmental management plans at active ranges.

Characterization and Remediation of Soils at Closed Small Arms Firing Ranges

Remediation of soils at small arms firing ranges presents unique challenges because contaminants exist both as discrete particles and as sorbed compounds dispersed throughout the soil matrix. The form and distribution of particulate lead varies based on range use, size and impact velocity of the round, soil characteristics, and past range maintenance practices. Removal of the discrete particles during remediation reduces not only total but leachable lead as well. Unfortunately, simple dry screening is seldom suitable to remove lead particles through all size ranges where it is present.

Based on ITRC's Characterization and Remediation of Soils at Closed Small Arms Firing Ranges (SMART-1, 2003), this course introduces participants to the various physical (including hydraulic), chemical, and biochemical mechanisms available to treat or stabilize closed small arms firing ranges, after some unique characterization challenges are overcome.

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Environmental Management at Operating Outdoor Small Arms Firing Ranges

Small arms firing ranges are those ranges accepting .50-caliber or smaller nonexploding ammunition. The primary environmental concern is lead; however, there are other associated metals and a few organics to be considered where applicable. Range operators at military, law enforcement, commercial, and private ranges and the appropriate environmental professional who might be hired to manage a range's more complicated environmental issues should attend this Internet-based training on Technical Guideline for Environmental Management at Operating Outdoor Small Arms Ranges (SMART-2, 2005). Government environmental professionals charged with preventing environmental impact and offering technical assistance to the community should also attend this training and refer to the guidance document whenever they encounter small arms range questions. Government environmental professionals are encouraged to use the downloadable version of this training and the associated guidelines as an on-site training tool for range operators in their states and communities.

This training explains how environmental management planning at small arms firing ranges is a method of pollution prevention. The training uses a logic diagram to describe the appropriate steps an environmental professional or range manager should use to establish an operational understanding of a range and the impact it can have on the environment if left unattended. It assists the user to define the environmental characteristics at a range that, left unattended, could potentially impact the environment. It lists the appropriate questions range operators should ask when evaluating the potential for environmental impact. As any potential for impact becomes apparent, the training briefly describes a variety of new and conventional technologies and techniques (i.e., 'best management practices') available to prevent environmental impact on the range. Finally, participants will be able to understand range operations and monitoring that will, when appropriately designed, enable the range to operate cost-effectively without endangering the environment or the shooting enthusiasts, law enforcement officers, the military, or the public.

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